The main theme of
this decade was the idea of the roaring 20's leading into the depression. The
country was full of good times and rebellion with things like the stock market, Jazz,
bootlegging, flappers, high spirits, and a supposed strong economy. This effected
people then in many ways then. Role models were a big part of commercials and the
new attitude for Americans. People like Babe Ruth and Jack Dempsey gave people
someone to believe and look up to. The Jazz Age created new music for people to
dance to. New untraditional styles of dancing were also created by people like
flappers, who rebelled by creating new styles like short hair, shorter skirts, and make
up. More economic freedoms and ideas started getting more Americans than ever before
investing in the stock market, buying on margin, and using credit. This was all
highlighted by the bootlegging and rum running that kept America wet during
prohibition. All this came to a catastrophic end though in 1929 when the stock
Some of the effects
of this decade are with us still today. Like makeup, dancing without chaperones,
credit, and people that are more cautious about money usage. Because of the stock
market crash in 1929 and another drop in 1987, the government has put computer blockers on
the stock market to stop it from ever dropping that low again. All this combined
made the 1920's one of the most important and pivotal decades of the 20th century.
Events of This Decade
*Starred Events relate to the main theme.
April 15, 1920-Two
gunmen robbed and killed the guard and paymaster of a South Braintree, Massachusetts shoe
factory. Two Italian immigrants were convicted of the murder which created a
national public outcry of innocence and an unfair trial.
1920-League of Nations is established in Geneva by
Woodrow Wilson and other world leaders.
1920-Adolf Hitler helps organize the Nazi party in
Germany with his radical views and new ideas. He would be the future leader of the
Nazi party during WWII and the orchestrator of the tragic holocaust.
June 1920-The Ku Klux Klan launches a
recruitment campaign using mass marketing techniques to gain 85,000 new recruits by
August 18, 1920-Women win the
right to vote with the ratification of the 19th Amendment.
commercial radio broadcast is made.
1920-The Women's Bureau is formed within the Department
1921-The Sheppard-Towner Act is passed.
1921-A Reparations Committee ruled that Germany owed $33
billion in payment for the war.
July 21, 1921-A joint
resolution to officially end World War I in the U.S. finally passes.
1922-The Cable Act is passed in the U.S.
1922-T.S. Eliot publishes "The Wasteland."
set up their own organization so they can censor their own movies.
Jazz singer Bessie Smith records her first jazz album.
August 2, 1923-Warren G.
Harding dies 2 and a half years into his presidential term and is succeeded by Calvin
1924-Insecticides are used for the first time on crops.
1924-U.S. immigration bill excludes all Japanese people.
1924-France hosts the very first Winter Olympics.
1925-A teacher, John Scopes is tried for teaching
writes The Man Nobody Knows, one of the decades best-selling
1926-Germany is successfully admitted into the League of
1927-The first pop-up toaster is design in the U.S.
*May 21, 1927-Charels
Lindbergh becomes the first man to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean.
hero Babe Ruth hits 60 home runs, winning the hearts of Americans, and breaking the season
Ederle becomes the first women to swim across the English Channel.
makes his first first Mickey Mouse cartoon.
1928-The Grand Dragon of Indiana, David Stephenson, is
jailed on second-degree murder charges.
automobile, steel, rubber, glass, and housing industries are in recession
foreshadowing the future events of the depression.
1929-The first color television experiments are performed
by Alexander Grahm Bell.
reaching an all time high in September, the stock market crashes creating a worldwide